Shifts in export demand for palm oil and reductions of support measures affecting soybean production were simulated and effects on land use in Malaysia and Indonesia were observed under varying assumptions of environmental and forestry policy regimes in the two countries. James David Fahn spent nearly a decade working at The Nation, an English-language daily newspaper based in Bangkok, where he served as environment editor. Earth, Moon, and oceans form. Carousel Grid List Card. Then we see those over sixty design a new and affordable system of support. However, it is expected that the effects on agricultural land demand and consequently impact upon the environment will depend much on existing governance affecting environmental and forestry management in the two countries.
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These pollution events are so acute that they result in serious economic and social impacts, including the closure of schools, the cancellation of flights, a downturn in business revenues and tourism, and human health problems, even for those experiencing short-term exposure to the smoke. Pictures, video and more. Principle 21 of the Stockholm Declaration of the United Nations Conference on the Human Environment asserts that states are under an obligation not to cause harm to the environment of other states. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change IPCC has reported that, globally, up to 30 per cent of species are at increasing risk of extinction, whereas approximately 15 to 40 per cent of ecosystems are being affected by climate change. But although the most severe fires of recent years can be linked to droughts driven by the ENSO climate anomaly [ 26 , 41 ], peat fires are now a regular feature of every dry season, even those of short duration [ 40 ]. The scale and controls on peat-driven C emissions are addressed, noting that although fires cause large, temporary peaks in C flux to the atmosphere, year-round emissions from peat mineralization are of a similar magnitude.
Project MUSE - A Land on Fire. The Environmental Consequences of the Southeast Asian Boom (review)
In a book considered a classic on the theory of agriculture, The Conditions of Agricultural Growth. Immediate payment required for this item. Elsewhere, degraded peat-covered landscapes are the result of moribund agricultural schemes. Critical Asian Studies 43, 4, p. Your email address has been saved. Some of the most rapid transformation of peat swamp forest to plantation agriculture has taken place in eastern Sumatra [ 35 ] and in the Malaysian state of Sarawak [ 36 , 37 ].
Planet Ark is all about creating positive environmental actions, for everyone — but especially for you. Subramanian , Alexandros Gasparatos , Ademola K. We found that various processes associated with habitat destruction, such as habitat conversion, degradation and fragmentation, are linked to biodiversity decline in the region. Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil. And once drainage is initiated, it can have only one endpoint—oxidative loss of the peat substrate, either relatively slowly as a result of mineralization or rapidly as a result of fire. The welfare state was revolutionary: